Research and Publication Ethics

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Journal’s Rules for Research Ethics

Instituted: August 17, 2015

Chapter 1 General Rules

Article 1 (Purpose)

The purpose of the present Rules is to establish research ethics on the publication of journals including Journal of Real Estate Analysis, to prevent research misconduct in advance, and to deal with research misconduct fairly.

Article 2 (Principle of Application)

The present Rules shall be applied to articles to be published in journals issued by the KAB Real Estate Research Institute of Korea Appraisal Board.

Chapter 2 Research Misconduct

Article 3 (Research Misconduct)

The research misconduct (hereinafter referred to as “Misconduct”) refers to fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, improper authorship indication, multiple publication, re-submission, and so on committed in proposing or performing research, or in reporting or presenting research results. Definition of each type of misconduct shall be as in each of the articles below.

Article 4 (Fabrication, Falsification)

① “Fabrication” is making up data or results.

② “Falsification” is manipulating research processes and so on, or changing or omitting data arbitrarily so that research contents or results are distorted.

Article 5 (Plagiarism)

“Plagiarism” is the appropriation of another person’s ideas, research contents or results, and so on without appropriate approval or citation.

  • 1. The objects of plagiarism appropriated from other’s work include peculiar ideas (idea), unique expression (word, phrase, clause, paragraph, graph, table, photo, etc.), research concept (hypothesis) or method (analysis system or logic), theory and research results, data, survey data and so on.
  • 2. Even the act of using part or all of one’s own work without appropriate citation to make them appear original is equivalent to plagiarism.
  • 3. In case that part of other’s research idea, data, or sentence is used, accurate source or citation shall be marked.
  • 4. Despite appropriate citation, cases where the quantity or quality of citation exceeds the just scope so that the originality of research is damaged shall be considered plagiarism.
  • 5. Writing, picture, idea, research results, etc. that are universal knowledge commonly used in the academic world shall not regarded as plagiarism even though they are described without citation.
Article 6 (Improper Authorship Indication)

“Improper authorship indication” refers to the act of not conferring authorship without good reason to a person who made a scientific or technical contribution to the contents or results of research, or conferring authorship for the reason of appreciation or respectful treatment to a person who did not make a scientific or technical contribution.

Article 7 (Multiple Publication)

① “Multiple publication” refers to the act of submitting (publishing) work identical or substantially similar to one’s own work already published, without revealing the fact of having published the precedent work.

  • 1. An article that was registered with or registered as candidate with the National Research Foundation of Korea, or an article that was published in a foreign journal, or an article similar to the above shall not be submitted to or be published in our journal.
  • 2. An article published in a journal, such as university journal, other than journals registered with or registered as candidate with the National Research Foundation of Korea may be published in our journal only after revising it. In this case, the fact of revision must be stated clearly.
  • 3. An article that uses one’s own previous work in the process of research deepening or application may be submitted. In this case, the previous work used must be revealed by means of source citation, etc.
  • 4. If part of a paper or a research report that was presented at a conference or a seminar is submitted to our journal as it is or after revisions, the fact must be stated clearly.
  • 5. In case that a doctoral dissertation or a master’s thesis or part of them is submitted to our journal as they are or after revisions, the author of a relevant degree thesis must be included in the authorship.

② The following illustrations may be viewed as not belonging to multiple publication. But the existence and source of previous work used must be specified.

  • 1. Act of submitting in the form of an article a master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation not published
  • 2. Act of submitting in the form of a separate article a work written at the request of or for the purpose of a specific institution, such as a service report and a policy proposal
  • 3. In case of submitting in the form of a separate article a contributor’s own research report already published
  • 4. In case of submitting a working paper or research data similar to it after deepening them into an article
Article 8 (Re-submitting)

① “Re-submitting” refers to the act of submitting again an article rejected by a journal or an article similar to it.

② An article rejected by our journal or an article similar to it may not be submitted again.

③ For differentiation from the existing rejected article under ②, a submitted article shall show marked differences in at least two of the following items.

  • 1. Purpose of research
  • 2. Research method
  • 3. Research data
  • 4. Scope of research
  • 5. Results of research
  • 6. Method of logic development
Article 9 (Other Misconduct)

① Act of willfully obstructing investigation into doubts about one’s own or other’s misconduct, or harming an informant

② Act that seriously deviates from the scope normally acceptable to the academic world

③ Other similar unjust research acts

Article 10 (Deliberation)

The existence and degree of research ethics violation shall be deliberated and determined by the Editorial Board.

Chapter 3 Research Integrity Committee

Article 11 (Composition)

① The Research Integrity Committee (hereinafter Committee) shall be composed of five or more members including one Chairman.

② Chairman shall be selected from Editors in Chief; and may be determined separately with the approval of the Editorial Board, if necessary.

③ The members shall be appointed among editors or outside experts by Editor-in-Chief. 1/2 or more of the members shall be appointed from those who have a wealth of expertise and experience in a relevant field.

④ One who has a stake in an issue being investigated shall not be included in the members.

⑤ A member who is involved in or is suspected of being involved in misconduct may be dismissed with the approval of the Editorial Board.

⑥ Assistant Administrator of the Editorial Board shall be the assistant administrator of the Committee.

Article 12 (Function)

The Committee shall deliberate and resolve each of the following.

① Matters on receiving and dealing with a report of misconduct

② Matters on the start of a full investigation, decision on findings, approval and second deliberation

③ Matters on the protection of an informant and a suspect

④ Matters on dealing with the results of investigation into research integrity, and follow-up measures

⑤ Other matters on the operation of the Committee

Article 13 (Term of Activities)

The Committee shall perform activities from the time when it is formed according to the summons of the Editorial Board under Article 23 to the closing of the full investigation.

Article 14 (Resolution of the Committee)

① The attendance of a majority of the total members shall be necessary for the opening of the Committee, and the concurrent vote of a majority of the members present shall be necessary for decisions of the Committee; provided that as for decisions on misconduct from Article 4 to Article 9, the attendance of a majority of the total members and the concurrent vote of 2/3 of the members present shall be necessary for the decisions. In case of a tie vote, Chairman shall have the right to decide.

② In principle, the Committee shall meet behind closed doors, and can ask for an interested person’s attendance and hear the person’s opinion, if necessary.

Article 15 (Investigation Expense)

A fixed amount of investigation expense may be paid to an outside member who attends the Committee.

Chapter 4 Information Providing and Right Protection

Article 16 (Information Providing)

① An informant is one who tells the Committee about perceived misconduct or its related evidence.

② Informants can provide information, using all possible methods including oral statement, written form, telephone, and e-mail. In principle, they shall report in their real names. But even anonymous reporting shall be treated as real-name reporting, if the reporting includes a project name or an article title, and specific details and evidence on misconduct that are provided by mail or via e-mail.

Article 17 (Protection of Informants’ Rights)

① The Committee shall have the obligation to protect an informant lest the informant be subjected to disadvantages in social status such as discipline, discrimination in working conditions, and unfair pressure or harm for the reason of having reported misconduct.

② In case that an informant is subjected to disadvantage of the above ① for the reason of reporting misconduct, or the informant’s identity is disclosed against his/her will, the Committee shall take responsible therefor.

③ In case of wishing to know about the procedure, schedule, etc. of investigation to be carried out after the report of misconduct, an informant can request the Committee to provide information about them, and the Committee shall accede to the request sincerely.

④ An informant, who provided an information even though he/she knew or was able to know that the information was false, shall not be protected.

Article 18 (Protection of Suspect’s Rights)

① A suspect is one who becomes subjected to investigation because of an informant’s reporting or the Committee’s own perception, or because in the course of investigation, he/she was presumed to have been involved in misconduct. Witnesses in the process of investigation are not included in suspects.

② The Committee shall be careful lest a suspect’s honor or right be infringed improperly in the course of investigation.

③ Doubts about misconduct shall not be disclosed to the outside until the final decision about them is made.

④ A suspect can request the Committee to provide information about a procedure and a schedule for the investigation and treatment of misconduct, and the Committee shall accede to the request sincerely.

Chapter 5 Procedure and Standard for Investigation into Research Misconduct

Article 19 (Prescription of Integrity Investigation)

① As for misconduct committed more than 5 years before the date of misconduct perception or report receipt, in principle, it shall not be dealt with even though it is perceived or reported.

② Even misconduct committed more than 5 years before shall be dealt with in case that the suspect directly cited and used the results of the misconduct within 5 years from the present in planning or performing subsequent research, or in reporting or presenting the results thereof, or in case that the misconduct is probable to incur a great problem inside and outside.

Article 20 (Principle of Integrity Investigation)

① The burden of proof about whether misconduct is true or not falls on the Committee; provided that if a suspect failed to submit data requested by an investigator of the preliminary investigation or the Committee, or mutilated the data, the burden of proof about matters recognized as being included in the requested data shall fall on the suspect.

② The Committee shall guarantee an informant and a suspect equal rights and opportunities for the statement of opinions, objection, and argument; and inform them of related procedures in advance.

Article 21 (Procedure for Integrity Investigation)
The procedure for investigation into misconduct shall consist of the three stages of preliminary investigation, full investigation, and decision.
Article 22 (Preliminary Investigation)

① The preliminary investigation refers to a procedure for deciding whether investigation into doubts about misconduct is warranted or not.

② The Editor-in-Chief shall designate no more than two preliminary investigators within the next day of a date when misconduct is perceived or reported.

③ The preliminary investigator(s) shall investigate the following and present a report to the Editorial Board within 10 days after the initiation of preliminary investigation.

  • 1. Whether falling under the misconduct of Article 3
  • 2. Whether 5 years passed after the commitment of misconduct
  • 3. Whether the full investigation is warranted

④ The results of the preliminary investigation shall include each of the following.

  • 1. Detailed report on misconduct
  • 2. Explanation about an investigated suspicion about misconduct and about related research
  • 3. Recommendation on whether to conduct the full investigation, and grounds for the judgment
  • 4. Other relevant evidence about misconduct

⑤ The results of the preliminary investigation shall be approved by the Editorial Board, and then be notified in writing to the informant and the suspect within 5 days after the approval; provided that in case of an anonymous informant, this shall not apply.

⑥ In case that the suspect admits all about misconduct as a result of preliminary investigation, the decision can be made at once without going through the procedure of full investigation.

⑦ In case of objecting to the results of the preliminary investigation, the informant can appeal to the Editorial Board within 10 days after being notified of them.

Article 23 (Full Investigation)

① The Editorial Board shall decide on whether to conduct the full investigation within 5 days from a date when the results of the preliminary investigation under Article 22 were notified, and can summon the Committee.

② The Committee shall initiate the full investigation within 10 days from the date of summons.

③ The Committee shall have the following rights in connection with the full investigation.

  • 1. In the process of investigation, the Committee can request attendance for the statement of opinions from an informant, a suspect or witnesses.
  • 2. The Committee can request the suspect to submit data, and keep the relevant research data for the preservation of evidential data.
  • 3. The Committee can recommend the Editorial Board to take disciplinary action under Article 26 towards a person involved in misconduct.

④ The Committee shall submit to the Editorial Board within 10 days from the initiation of the full investigation an investigation report that contains reported misconduct, related evidence, statements, results of investigation, and recommended disciplinary action. If more time is necessary for investigation, the investigation may be extended no longer than 20 days, with the approval of the Editorial Board.

⑤ The Committee shall give the informant and the suspect opportunities to state their opinions; and also give them opportunities for objection and argument before the results of the investigation are confirmed. In case that either party shows no response thereto, it shall be considered that the party has no objection.

Article 24 (Decision)

① The decision shall refer to a procedure for confirming the results of the full investigation and notifying the confirmed results to the informant and the suspect. The decision shall be made within 10 days after the end of the full investigation.

② In the decision, the inspection report of the Committee shall be confirmed by the Editorial Board.

③ All of the schedule from the initiation of the preliminary inspection to the decision shall be completed within 2 months; provided that in case of judging that it is difficult to complete the investigation within the above period, the Editorial Board may extend the period up to 1 month.

Article 25 (Re-deliberation)

① In case of objecting to the results of the decision, the informant or the suspect can appeal to the Editorial Board within 5 days after being notified of the decision. In case that the Editorial Board judges the appeal to be reasonable and valid, the second investigation shall be conducted.

② In case that the second investigation is determined, the Committee shall be summoned again; and if necessary, a new research integrity committee may be formed.

Article 26 (Disciplinary Action on Misconduct)

A person who committed misconduct, which was decided against him/her by the Committee’s investigation and confirmed by the Editorial Board, may be subject to each of the following disciplinary action.

① Deleting the article from its relevant journal’s article list

② Prohibiting the contributor’s future submission (at least 3 years according to the gravity of misconduct)

③ Announcing on the web homepage of the KAB Real Estate Research Institute of Korea Appraisal Board and the next issue of the journal

④ Notifying the relevant details to the National Research Foundation of Korean

Additional Rule

The present Rules shall enter into force on August 17, 2015.

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